Measurement Quality - The three related performance characteristics trueness, precision and accuracy to describe the quality of results obtained with a method should be clear to all of us. However in everyday language and also in dictionaries precision is a synonym of accuracy but in measurement science it just related to spread. The relations in measurement science are described in the figure below.
In the world of metrology – the science of measurement and its application – there is a language which has to be learned. The International Vocabulary of Metrology (VIM) was produced to provide a common language. An on-line version of VIM is here, https://jcgm.bipm.org/vim/en/index.html.
Eurachem as published Terminology in Analytical Measurement: Introduction to VIM 3 for analytical chemists and also a short leaflet You talk, we understand – The way out of the tower of Babel.
A Menditto, M Patriarca and B Magnusson, Understanding the meaning of accuracy, trueness and precision, Accred Qual Assur (2006) 12:45-47